Midway through the 13th century, in 1256, Alfonso X the Wise built Tolosa, Ordizia and Segura, three inland bastions, along the border between Castile and the Kingdom of Navarre.
The Town Charter, which defined the legal status of the town, offered certain guarantees, privileges and dispensations for its repopulation.
For strategic reasons, the urban centre was created between Calle Mayor and Plaza Santa María, as it was the transit point towards Navarre. Likewise, walls were built and the town centre was designed as an island-shaped enclosure surrounded by river Oria and one of its tributaries. Later, the fortified enclosure was extended towards Calle Correo and the Castile Gate.
In 1503, Tolosa was destroyed following a large fire, and after that, work began to rebuild the town from stone.
At present, it is possible to see the layout of the six longitudinal streets of what was the borough back then, other smaller transversal streets and the Castile Gate.
The visit to the Historic Quarter gives you the chance to immerse yourself in the town and enjoy the extraordinary experience of visiting and discovering all the places that are listed below.